Long ago solar panels appeared as the most thrilling and overwhelming discovery for the human civilization. Backed by the plenty of solar energy available for human use and increasing demand for energy, the solar panels were considered as one of the most viable and doable technology solution. At that time, nearly about 60 years ago, when Solar panels came up as the major breakthrough for energy sector, Silicon came under the discussion of major research societies and energy centres. Silicon is used in the formation of multi layered inner composition of a solar cell.
Silicon appeared to be an ideal choice for the formation of solar cell as it is copious and non-hazardous. Solar wafers composed of Silicon require extensive heat provided through high temperature, which cover most of the cost associated with solar panels But this discovery about 60 years ago was just a beginning, since the extensive efforts have been extended to make further progress and the result is the discovery of Perovskites, as the major milestone. This implies that very soon the solar panels will not only become more proficient but also affordable for everyone. This next cohort solar cell, composed of organic-inorganic hybrid Perovskites materials, is expected to be ten times cheaper than existent thin-film solar cells, because of much efficient solution-based manufacturing process.
So the days are not far where Perovskites will replace Silicon in the solar energy industry. Perovskites is known to be a remarkable solar cell material as it can convert up to 15 % of sunlight to electricity, close to the efficiency of the current solar cells. Although in its initial stage of discovery, yet Perovskites are budding as the potential material for solar cells, says Chase, a solar analyst in London. Perovskites maintain a number of features which are accurate for making panels, and even more efficient than Silicon, both in terms of cost and physical properties. . The pace of development and expansion in the research centres has been astonishing.
Among many other research groups, solar energy Australia, has been one of the most active advocates of this new and surprising material. Solar energy Australia has been a fast paced researcher group in this field. Australian renewable energy group Dyesol has entered into a deal with Nesli DSC to initiate and industrialize Perovskites Solar Cells in Turkey. The physical properties of Pervokosites aid in the rapid functioning of the solar cells include its crystalline structure, which naturally consists of a particular mixture of iodine, lead and other organic components. In its laboratory research life Perovskites has been marvellous where only five years of research has improved its workability from 4% to 20%. Many solar companies including companies like Eurosolar, who have a lot of Eurosolar reviews on-line are pushing massively for innovation.
This sharp rise has astounded the scientists at photo-voltaic centres and community at solar energy Australia. Most of the solar energy Australia projects are still based on the Silicon panels, which are said to covert almost 25 % of sun’s energy into Solar panels. But Perovskites have already come near this level, even being in the laboratory trials. They can convert about 20% of solar energy in the usable form, says the head of solar energy Australia. So chances and hopes are even greater for this surprising and more productive material. In the initial phase, there have been proposals about the hybrid solar cells in which both the materials, Silicon and Perovskites will be jointly used. This can make a remarkable combination, as the scientists believe the Silicon to be the reliable one, and the Perovskites to be more efficient.
There have been a number of laboratory exploration sessions in different communities of solar energy Australia, which are contesting to come up with the most efficient solutions for extending the Perovskites solar panels, towards industry. Many of the critics always pose the blunt questions about the industrial future of Perovskites solar panels. The basis of its competence is the crystal’s orderly and shipshape internal structure, according to scientists at the Melbourne Energy Institute, who are striving to make the solar energy Australia efficient.
In the crystal of Perovskites the electrons can travel a distance of three millimetres, much further than the needed distance of electrodes in printed solar cell. So Perovskites is emerging as a dream material for solar energy Australia and many other energy centres. The extensive efforts are being extended to continue with the in depth research of this element and answer all the queries and cover all the hurdles which may hinder the way of industrial use of Perovskites in the solar panels.